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全国2019年4月自考00096《外刊经贸知识选读》真题

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  全国2019年4月高等教育自学考试
  外刊经贸知识选读试题
  课程代码:00096
  请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。
 
 
  选择题部分注意事项:
  1.答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的位置上。
  2.每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。
 
  一、单项选择题:本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题列出的四个备选项中只有一个可以替代句中划线的单词或词组,请将其选出并将答题卡(纸)的相应代码涂黑。错涂、多涂或未涂均无分。
 
  1.Their tax rates iumped from 21%to 36%.
  A.decreased B.reached C.increased D.hit
  2.Supply and demand on the curency market will generally balance.
  A.fallB.increaseC.groawD.equal
  3.A major objiective of the government is to increase the proportion of industrial exports.
  A.decision B.measure C.goalD.poliey
  4.Imperts of capital and consumers goods are exempted from customs duties,and a uniform 15%
  income-tax rale is applied.
  A.varied B.unchangng C.respective D.combined
  5.In the United States,women were first granted the right to vte on August 18,1920.
  A.givenB.takenC.rewandedD.trusted
  6.After World War ll the United States emerged as the dominant industrial power in the word.
  A.first B.threatening C.giant D.leading
  7.Aggmegate demand is the overall value of planned expenditures in an economy.
  A.TolalB.Average C.Marginal D.Fixed
  8.The Gulf crisis had severely advese effects on the economies of Midkle Eastem countries.
  A.favorable B.hamful C.helpful D.nelative
  9.In adklition,economie growth is skidding to an anticipated1%net year.
  A.jumpingB.amountingC.sliding D.dimbing
  10.Japan's government was gpposed o America's trade policy for some products.
  A.agreedB.consented C.hesilated D.cdbjected
  11.Sooner ar later their mamufacturing sector would lose their compettive edse.
  A.side B.advantage C.forceD.end
  12.Such projects are not favored ly foreign consultants as the profit margins are thin.
  A.largeB.bigC.smallD.abundant
  13.The Uruguay Rcaund would raise gobal welfare by more than s 100 billion a year,and spur world econsomic gowth.
  A.stimulateB.support C.increase D.dampen
  14.Commodity prices have ccntinmsed to tumble from the peak they reached in the secondquarter.
  15.In a hot contest General Electric Trading Co.won a contract of $ 150 millin pojed in fomer Romanian because it ageed to conclhude the transaction on a ccunter-trade hasis.
  A.deateB.argunent C.competition D.cooperation
 
  二、判断题:本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分。判断下列各题,在答题卡(纸)相应位置正确的涂“A”,错误的涂“B”。
 
  Passage1
  The World Economy Canada's new Liberal government“has to start rebuilding the ecosomy,”Dombusch writes.
  “Publie finance is rotten;industry is dull.But..…there is an unsderstanding of what has o happen."
  Inflation is lower in Camada than in the US,allowing the Bank of Canada to lower interest rates over the next year without much risk of a rout fer the Canadian dollar on foreign exchange markets.
  The Japanese economy remains in touble,with output falling two quarters in a row for the first time in decadex.An appreciation of more than 15 per cent in real tems in the yen over the past twoyears has hurt Japanese compeditivenexs,Dornlbusch notes.The fiscal package to stimulate the econ-
  omy,to be implemented net April,“will help some but not much".
  At best,Darnbusch predicts,the Japanese ecomomy will grow a real 1 per cent nex year.J pan is in a situation which business is singularly ill-equipped to handle.The entine belief system of decades-superiority of the Japanese culture and business system,sustained growth,social cche-
  sin,lifetime employment,accommodating finance,the US can be managed-are all up for grabs.
  Bad news!
  Outside lapan,Asia bocams.China tried to slow down its ecnomy,but apparently abandoned that effort at a Communist Party meeting last month.Growth in national cutput is expected to nun at an astonishing 13 per cent this year.
  Scuth Konea has its woes, and so do a few other eccnomies, Domlusch notes. But"there ae o major olbstacdes to contiued gowth in Asin: savings rates are high, access to extermal capital is plentiful, and the world trading system is staying cpen. Asia cannt fail to do well."
  16. The present economic situation in Canada presents nothing to be optimistic about.
  17. The high value of the Yen has contrilbuted to the incompetitiveness of Japanese manufacturers.
  18. The Japanse people have lst their olal confidence in the belief system built up over many years.
  19. Asian countries, having solved all their problems, ae going to fare through 1993.
  20. China's nalional output grwth running at 13% is considered very high and implausible.
 
  Passage 2
  Made-in-China Goods in the US It's been ten years since China joined the World Trade Organization. Since then, the country's exparts, patticularly to the United States, have skyrocketed. Most A mericans regularly buy productsmade or asembled in China. Steve Mores reports from the US city of Denver on how residents of that city feed about the made-in-China label.
  They know it or not, the Americans are massive cansumers of Chinese-made produets. The US
  -China Business Council says the Uniled States imported 365 billion dollars warth of products from China lat year, more than tripled the amount ten years ago. China says the US is its top export ma.
  ket. And many shoppers here in Denver say they buy made-in-China goods almost every day.
  While electrieal equipment tops the list of imports from China, Americans flock to discount retailers like this o buy Chinese-male elthes, toys, footwear, and fumiture. US Internaticnal Trade Commision number showed the United States imperted 29 billion dollars worth of apparel fram China in 2010, and 16 billicn dollars worth of fotwear and accesories.
  "But I think made-in-China……I think it's probably going to be an affordable produet."
  But a series of safety cancerns in recent years surounding a number of products from China, ineluding children's toys, has prompted some US consumers to look for altematives close at home.
  "If I could,I would buy everything maxle-in-America, and kmow that it was a high-quality proxduet;I can tust it;I wasn't putting my family in any kind of danger."
  But not all the US consumers are worried about the safety of proxducts carying the made-in-
  China label.
  "Are those poduts made well? Yes, they are. The American coperaions have the same standards when they have their produets made in China as they do when they had their products made in the United States."
  China has also become a major exprt of food to the United Stales. The US govemment says food imports fram China more than tripled in value over the last decades. With so many goods for sale in the United States carrying the made-in-China label, most pexople we spoke to say they dont need to think twice about it. However, the vast majority say that they welcome the importation of Chinese gooxds as a way of keeping prices lower at American stores.
  21.Most Americans buy products made or asembled in China reularly.
  22.The imported produets fiom China to the United States nearly doubled ower the past ten years.
  23.The United States imported 19 billion dollars worth of footwear and accesxries from China in
  2010.
  24.American copcarafions have the same standards when they have their preducts made in Chia as they cdo when they had their produets made in the US.
  25.Most Americans welcome the goods carying the made-in-China label because goods made in Ameriea are not affonlable.
 
  非选择题部分
  注意事项:
  用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。
 
  三、将下列中文词组译成英文:本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分。
 
  26.补偿贸易
  27.生产力
  28.对外直接投资
  29.债务调整30.证券市场31.贸易盈余32.市场力量33.反补贴税
  34.特许专营权
  35.贴现率
 
  四、将下列英语单词或词组译成中文:本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分。
 
  36.mosl-favored nation treatment
  37.customs duties
  38.Consortium
  39.European Monetary System
  40.government procurement
  41.export-driven42.nouveau riche
  43.intellecual property riglt
  44.dollar-denaninated
  45.primary commodity
 
  五、简答题:本大题共6小题,每小题3分,共18分。
 
  Passage1
  The slowtdown of the industrial countries in 1991 partly orignmated in stnuctural prolblems inheri-
  ted fom the 1980s.Slkawer growth in Euope in 1991 revealed that unemployment,for inslance,was still a stucturally puoblematie area.The unempleyment rate in the four largest European economies was 7.8 per cent in 1990,near the peak of the business eycle,and rose to 8.3 per cent in 1991.
  Financial stress brought on by excessive det in the hcusehold and coporate sectors was an example of ancther kind of structural poblem,in particular for the economies of Japan and the United States.
  Financial institutions in these two countries adopted more conservative lending policies,curtailing fi-
  nancing of higher-risk projects such as coommercial construction and highly leveraged coporatle tansacticns.A mumber of weaker institutions were also consolidaled through lankruptey,merger and reorganization.These developments played some part in the general tightening of credit during
  1991,which may have helped to slow the pace of investment in the United States and Japan.Weak gsowth of credit and a fal in some asset prices prodbably slowed consumption,as well.
  46.Did“a fall in some asset prices"have anything to do with“weak groth f credit"?
  47.What does"consumption"refer to here?Is it consumption of the consumer goods or that of the capital goods?
  48.How could"weak growth of credit and a fall in some asset prices"slow down cansaumption?
 
  Passage 2
  What the statistics cdo nd reveal is how mmuch is unaficially re-exported from the country.Thisis acknowledgeod by Dulai's customs depaitment.“The re-export figures are indicative of markets ather than volumes,"a spckesman says.“If you acdkd up the import figures and wrk out that 85 per cent of it is supposed to slay in the country,then the UAE woukd be the best stocked warehouse in the world.“
  49.Do the UAE's statistics on trade show the volume of all its re-exparts?
  50.What is meant by“The re-export figures are indicative f markets rather than volumes"?
  51.What does“stay"mean and imply in…85 per cent of it is supposed to stay in the ccaustry
  …”?
 
  六、翻译题:本大题12分。
 
  52.The net challenge will be to assist trade in services,which is growing more quickly than traxle in goods.A fresh round of sevices talks is due to start in 2000.The aim will be to strenghen hst year's ageements on teleccms,financial services and IT,as well as completing an accord on accountaney services which is currently being negotiated.Rich countries want fim rules an government procurement,to replace the vague existing code.Same countries,but not America,are also keen to tackle other subjects that eluded ageement in earlier talks,such as shipping.These will piove thomy,too,as any global talks will have to cope with lbilateral agee ments dating back decades。

 
 
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